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Who Is the Holy Spirit?

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This is a lesson I prepared on the identity of the Holy Spirit, including His deity.

The Personhood of the Holy Spirit Before fully understanding everything the Bible teaches about the Holy Spirit, one must first answer the question, "Who is the Holy Spirit?". Answering this question accurately will help us work through questions such as what has done and what He is doing. It will also help us combat speculations and assumptions people make about Him. I. WHAT DOES THE BIBLE CALL HIM? A. Holy Spirit- Used ninety-three times 1. Comes from two words a. hagios- Thayer defines this word in several ways. The word can be summed up as " in a moral sense, pure sinless upright holy". b. pneuma- Thayer defines this word, relative to man's spirit, as "the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated". Also, this same word is used to describe the movement of air. c. These two words both describe essential attributes of God-- His holiness and His ability go wherever He wishes, just like the wind. "The ___________ blows where it wishes and you hear the sound of it" (John 3:8). B. Spirit of Truth- Used three times to refer to Him. This shows his connection to the revelation of truth. 1. "I will ask the Father, and He will give you another ________, that He may be with you forever; that is the ______________, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you." (John 14:16-17) 2. "“When the ______ comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the _________ who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me," (John 15:26) 3. "But when ___, __________, comes, He will guide ____ into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come." (John 16:13) C. Spirit of God or Spirit of the Lord- Used fifty-two times in Scripture to refer to Him. Just like Jesus is referred to as the "Son of God" in many places, God also is manifested as the "Spirit". This is best understood by the work He has done and is doing. 1. "The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the __________was moving over the surface of the waters." (Gen. 1:2) 2. "And He has filled him with the ______, in _____, in __________ and in _________ and in all __________;" (Ex.35.31) 3. "Do you not know that you are a ______ of God and that the __________ dwells in you?" (1 Cor. 3:16) D. Many passages simply refer to Him as "the Spirit". Whether these references refer to the Holy Spirit, man's spirit, or to an attitude or attribute depends upon the context. 1. How is the word "spirit" used in Romans 8:15? 2. Who is the "spirit" in Job 32:18? 3. How do I know that the "spirit" in John 15:26 is the Holy Spirit? II. THE HOLY SPIRIT IS GOD A. One in the Godhead 1. What is the Godhead? It is the sum total of being God (theio'tes, Rom. 1:20). It is His divine nature and the state of being God (theo'tes, Col. 2:9) a. The "fullness" of God is the divine attributes of God,and these are said to dwell fully in Jesus Christ. b. Robertson's Word Pictures describes the term "fullness of deity" as "A recognized technical term in theology, denoting the totality of the Divine powers and attributes." 2. Where do we first see the Godhead at work? a. Gen. 1:1-3, "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters. Then God said, “Let there be light” ;and there was light." b. Identify those taking part in the creation: ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ B. He has the attributes of deity 1. The Spirit is _________________ (Heb. 9:14) 2. The Spirit is everywhere (Psa. 139:7-10) 3. His divine power is seen in his part in creation and power to work miracles (Luk. 1:35; 1 Cor. 12:8-10). He is called the _________ of God (Exo. 8:19 cf. Luk. 11:20) C. He does the works of deity 1. Creation. (Gen. 1:2) 2. Inspiration. "for no __________ was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the ___________ spoke from God." (2 Pet. 1:21) D. He is directly associated with the Father and Son 1. "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the ______ and the ____ and the ____ ________" (Matt. 28:19) 2. "The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all." (2 Cor. 13:14). III. IS THE HOLY SPIRIT DISTINCT FROM THE FATHER AND THE SON (see chart)? A. The Holy Spirit is deity or God (Acts 5:3-4) B. He is not the Father (Matt. 3:16-17) C. He is also not the Son (John 14:16) D. He is a person, not just God's "active force" as the Jehovah's Witnesses and others may claim. IV. THE HOLY SPIRIT'S PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES A. Personal pronouns in the masculine gender are used of Him in the original language of the Bible (Joh. 14:26; 16:13) B. He is called "Comforter" just like Christ compared Himself (Joh. 14:16). C. Has personality qualities of a mind 1. Knowledge (1 Cor. 2:10f) 2. Memory. (Joh. 16:13) 3. Communication, speech (Joh. 14:26) 4. He has the ability to use words and verbalize concepts (1 Cor. 2:13; 1 Tim. 4:1) 5. He has Will, the capacity for choices and decisions (1 Cor. 12:11) D. He demonstrates emotions 1. Love (Rom. 15:30) 2. Grief (Eph. 4:30) E. He can feel slighted and be mistreated 1. He can be resisted (Acts 7:51) 2. He may be lied to (Acts 5:3) 3. He can be vexed or grieved (Isa. 63:10) 4. He can be blasphemed (Matt. 12:31) 5. He can be insulted (Heb. 10:29) F. As one examines these important points, it becomes apparent that the Holy Spirit does possess characteristics that can only be attributed to a person).
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